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Gifts for Her

Ted Baker Jewellery Gold Heart Earrings
Ted Baker Jewellery Gold Heart Earrings €27
Calvin Klein Warm Heart Bracelet
Calvin Klein Warm Heart Bracelet €77
Calvin Klein Warm Heart Rose Gold Heart Bracelet
Calvin Klein Warm Heart Rose Gold Heart Bracelet €98
Thomas Sabo Heart Bracelet
Thomas Sabo Heart Bracelet €89
Calvin Klein Joyus Crystal Heart Pendant
Calvin Klein Joyus Crystal Heart Pendant €88
Thomas Sabo Two Tone Heart Bracelet
Thomas Sabo Two Tone Heart Bracelet €139
Thomas Sabo Pave Set CZ Heart Bracelet
Thomas Sabo Pave Set CZ Heart Bracelet €69
Rocks Large Rose Gold Heart Pendant
Rocks Large Rose Gold Heart Pendant €95
Rocks Two Tone Gold Interlinked Hearts Pendant
Rocks Two Tone Gold Interlinked Hearts Pendant €199
Thomas Sabo Black CZ Heart Earrings
Thomas Sabo Black CZ Heart Earrings €65
Thomas Sabo Cut Out Heart
Thomas Sabo Cut Out Heart €29
Thomas Sabo Heart Pendant on Double Chain
Thomas Sabo Heart Pendant on Double Chain €149
Thomas Sabo Gold CZ Heart Disc Pendant
Thomas Sabo Gold CZ Heart Disc Pendant €59
Ted Baker Jewellery Rose Gold Tiny Heart Pendant
Ted Baker Jewellery Rose Gold Tiny Heart Pendant €41
Ted Baker Jewellery Rose Gold Heart Earrings
Ted Baker Jewellery Rose Gold Heart Earrings €27
Rocks Two Tone Heart Pendant
Rocks Two Tone Heart Pendant €150
Alan Ardiff Heart to Heart
Alan Ardiff Heart to Heart €260
Rocks Two Tone Interlocking Heart Necklace
Rocks Two Tone Interlocking Heart Necklace €199
Thomas Sabo CZ Heart Bracelet
Thomas Sabo CZ Heart Bracelet €119
Alan Ardiff From the Heart
Alan Ardiff From the Heart €165
Links of London Dream Catcher Heart Bracelet
Links of London Dream Catcher Heart Bracelet €120
Links of London Dream Catcher Rose Gold Heart Pendant
Links of London Dream Catcher Rose Gold Heart Pendant €190
Links of London Essentials Diamond Gold Heart Earrings
Links of London Essentials Diamond Gold Heart Earrings €245
Links of London Essentials Diamond Heart Necklace
Links of London Essentials Diamond Heart Necklace €245
Links of London Love Note Heart Baby Stud Earrings
Links of London Love Note Heart Baby Stud Earrings €47
Alan Ardiff From The Heart Earrings
Alan Ardiff From The Heart Earrings €165
Thomas Sabo Love
Thomas Sabo Love €39
Thomas Sabo Classic Bracelet - 18cm
Thomas Sabo Classic Bracelet - 18cm €99
Chrysalis Rose Gold Love
Chrysalis Rose Gold Love €29
Calvin Klein Impetuous Ladies Rose Gold
Calvin Klein Impetuous Ladies Rose Gold €313
Calvin Klein Minimal Unisex Rose Gold
Calvin Klein Minimal Unisex Rose Gold €267
Rosefield The Gramercy Silver on Pink Leather
Rosefield The Gramercy Silver on Pink Leather €90
Rosefield The Bowery - Pink Leather
Rosefield The Bowery - Pink Leather €90
Daniel Wellington Classy Ladies Rose Gold on Cognac
Daniel Wellington Classy Ladies Rose Gold on Cognac €139
Daniel Wellington Classic Mid-Size Rose Gold on Tri Coloured Nato
Daniel Wellington Classic Mid-Size Rose Gold on Tri Coloured Nato €149
Daniel Wellington Classy Ladies Rose Gold on Cognac
Daniel Wellington Classy Ladies Rose Gold on Cognac €139
Daniel Wellington Classy Ladies on Blue & White Nato
Daniel Wellington Classy Ladies on Blue & White Nato €119
Michael Kors Darci CZ Bezel & Green MOP Dial
Michael Kors Darci CZ Bezel & Green MOP Dial €249
Michael Kors Norrie Petite Gold CZ on Red Leather
Michael Kors Norrie Petite Gold CZ on Red Leather €199
Tissot Desire Ladies Two Tone Gold
Tissot Desire Ladies Two Tone Gold €260
Tissot Dream Ladies
Tissot Dream Ladies €195
Tissot Dressport Ladies Rose Gold Chronograph
Tissot Dressport Ladies Rose Gold Chronograph €450
Swatch Nuit Doree
Swatch Nuit Doree €70
Swatch Gradino
Swatch Gradino €90
Rocks Gold Tri Colour Knot Earrings
Rocks Gold Tri Colour Knot Earrings €150
Rocks Diamond Bar Pendant
Rocks Diamond Bar Pendant €450
Rocks Rose Gold Oblong Bar Pendant
Rocks Rose Gold Oblong Bar Pendant €48
Rocks Two Tone Gold Interlinked Hearts Pendant
Rocks Two Tone Gold Interlinked Hearts Pendant €199
Michael Kors Jewellery Gold Shaped Hinged Bangle
Michael Kors Jewellery Gold Shaped Hinged Bangle €99
Michael Kors Jewellery Silver CZ Beaded Ball Pendant
Michael Kors Jewellery Silver CZ Beaded Ball Pendant €129
Michael Kors Jewellery Gold Abalone Mother of Pearl Cuff
Michael Kors Jewellery Gold Abalone Mother of Pearl Cuff €99
Michael Kors Jewellery Gold and CZ Bearded Ball Pendant
Michael Kors Jewellery Gold and CZ Bearded Ball Pendant €129
Michael Kors Jewellery Button Disc Necklace
Michael Kors Jewellery Button Disc Necklace €99
Michael Kors Jewellery Gold CZ Earrings
Michael Kors Jewellery Gold CZ Earrings €69

Jewellery

Jewellery or jewelry is a form of personal adornment - such as brooches, rings, necklaces, earrings, and bracelets.

With some exception such as medical alert bracelets or military dog tags, jewellery normally differs from other items of personal adornment in that it has no other purpose than to look appealing, but humans have been producing and wearing it for a long time - with 100,000-year-old beads made from Nassarius shells thought to be the oldest known jewellery.

Jewellery may be made from a wide range of materials, but gemstones, precious metals, beads and shells have been widely used. Depending on the culture and times jewellery may be appreciated as a status symbol, for its material properties, its patterns, or for meaningful symbols. Jewellery has been made to adorn nearly every body part, from hairpins to toe rings.

The word jewellery itself is derived from the word jewel, which was anglicized from the Old French "jouel",[3] and beyond that, to the Latin word "jocale", meaning plaything.

Jewellery has been used for a number of reasons:

Most cultures have at some point had a practice of keeping large amounts of wealth stored in the form of jewellery. Numerous cultures move wedding dowries in the form of jewellery or create jewellery as a means to store or display coins. Alternatively, jewellery has been used as a currency or trade good; an example being the use of slave beads.[citation needed]

Many items of jewellery

, such as brooches and buckles, originated as purely functional items, but evolved into decorative items as their functional requirement diminished.[5]

Jewellery can also be symbolic of group membership, as in the case of the Christian crucifix or Jewish Star of David, or of status, as in the case of chains of office, or the Western practice of married people wearing a wedding ring.

Wearing of amulets and devotional medals to provide protection or ward off evil is common in some cultures; these may take the form of symbols (such as the ankh), stones, plants, animals, body parts (such as the Khamsa), or glyphs (such as stylised versions of the Throne Verse in Islamic art).[6]

In creating jewellery, gemstones, coins,

or other precious items are often used, and they are typically set into precious metals. Alloys of nearly every metal known have been encountered in jewellery. Bronze, for example, was common in Roman times. Modern fine jewellery usually includes gold, white gold, platinum, palladium, titanium, or silver. Most American and European gold jewellery is made of an alloy of gold, the purity of which is stated in karats, indicated by a number followed by the letter K. American gold jewellery must be of at least 10K purity (41.7% pure gold), (though in the UK the number is 9K (37.5% pure gold) and is typically found up to 18K (75% pure gold). Higher purity levels are less common with alloys at 22 K (91.6% pure gold), and 24 K (99.9% pure gold) being considered too soft for jewellery use in America and Europe. These high purity alloys, however, are widely used across Asia, the Middle East and Africa.[citation needed] Platinum alloys range from 900 (90% pure) to 950 (95.0% pure). The silver used in jewellery is usually sterling silver, or 92.5% fine silver. In costume jewellery, stainless steel findings are sometimes used.

Diamonds

Main article: Diamond

Diamonds were first mined in India.[8] Pliny may have mentioned them, although there is some debate as to the exact nature of the stone he referred to as Adamas;[9] In 2005, Australia, Botswana, Russia and Canada ranked among the primary sources of gemstone diamond production.[10][11]

The British crown jewels contain the Cullinan Diamond, part of the largest gem-quality rough diamond ever found (1905), at 3,106.75 carats(621.35 g).

Now popular in engagement rings, this usage dates back to the marriage of Maximilian I to Mary of Burgundy in 1477.[12]

Other gemstones

Main article: Gemstone

Many precious and semiprecious stones are used for jewellery. Among them are:

Amber

Amber, an ancient organic gemstone, is composed of tree resin that has hardened over time. The stone must be at least one million years old to be classified as amber, and some amber can be up to 120 million years old.

Amethyst

Amethyst has historically been the most prized gemstone in the quartz family. It is treasured for its purple hue, which can range in tone from light to dark.

 

Emerald

Emeralds are one of the three main precious gemstones (along with rubies and sapphires) and are known for their fine green to bluish green colour. They have been treasured throughout history, and some historians report that the Egyptians mined emerald as early as 3500 BC.

Jade

Jade is most commonly associated with the colour green but can come in a number of other colours, as well. Jade is closely linked to Asian culture, history, and tradition, and is sometimes referred to as the stone of heaven.

Jasper

Jasper is a gemstone of the chalcedony family that comes in a variety of colours. Often, jasper will feature unique and interesting patterns within the coloured stone. Picture jasper is a type of jasper known for the colours (often beiges and browns) and swirls in the stone's pattern.

Quartz

Quartz refers to a family of crystalline gemstones of various colours and sizes. Among the well-known types of quartz are rose quartz (which has a delicate pink colour), and smoky quartz (which comes in a variety of shades of translucent brown). A number of other gemstones, such asAmethyst and Citrine, are also part of the quartz family. Rutilated quartz is a popular type of quartz containing needle-like inclusions.

Ruby

Rubies are known for their intense red colour and are among the most highly valued precious gemstones. Rubies have been treasured for millennia. In Sanskrit, the word for ruby is ratnaraj, meaning king of precious stones.

Sapphire

The most popular form of sapphire is blue sapphire, which is known for its medium to deep blue colour and strong saturation. Fancy sapphires of various colours are also available. In the United States, blue sapphire tends to be the most popular and most affordable of the three major precious gemstones (emerald, ruby, and sapphire).

Turquoise

Turquoise is found in only a few places on earth, and the world's largest turquoise producing region is the southwest United States. Turquoise is prized for its attractive colour, most often an intense medium blue or a greenish blue, and its ancient heritage. Turquoise is used in a great variety of jewellery styles. It is perhaps most closely associated with southwest and Native American jewellery, but it is also used in many sleek, modern styles. Some turquoise contains a matrix of dark brown markings, which provides an interesting contrast to the gemstone's bright blue colour.

 

Some gemstones (like pearls, coral, and amber) are classified as organic, meaning that they are produced by living organisms. Others are inorganic, meaning that they are generally composed of and arise from minerals.[13]

Some gems, for example, amethyst, have become less valued as methods of extracting and importing them have progressed. Some man-made gems can serve in place of natural gems, such as cubic zirconia, which can be used in place of diamond.[14]

Metal finishes

For platinum, gold, and silver jewellery, there are many techniques to create finishes. The most common are high-polish, satin/matte, brushed, and hammered. High-polished jewellery is by far the most common and gives the metal a highly reflective, shiny look. Satin, or matte finish reduces the shine and reflection of the jewellery and is commonly used to accentuate gemstones such as diamonds. Brushed finishes give the jewellery a textured look and are created by brushing a material (similar to sandpaper) against the metal, leaving "brush strokes." Hammered finishes are typically created by using a soft, rounded hammer and hammering the jewellery to give it a wavy texture.

Impact on society

Jewellery has been used to denote status. In ancient Rome, for instance, only certain ranks could wear rings;[16] Later, sumptuary laws dictated who could wear what type of jewellery, again based on rank. Cultural dictates have also played a significant role. For example, the wearing of earrings by Western men was considered effeminate in the 19th century and early 20th century. More recently, the display of body jewellery, such as piercings, has become a mark of acceptance or seen as a badge of courage within some groups but is completely rejected in others. Likewise, hip hop culture has popularised the slang term bling-bling, which refers to ostentatious display of jewellery by men or women.