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Rocks Gold I.D. Bracelet
Rocks Gold I.D. Bracelet €110
Rocks Gold I.D. Bracelet
Rocks Gold I.D. Bracelet €330
Rocks Two Tone Circle Pendant
Rocks Two Tone Circle Pendant €180
Rocks Two Tone Interlocking Heart Necklace
Rocks Two Tone Interlocking Heart Necklace €199
Rocks Cushion CZ in Halo Setting Promise Ring
Rocks Cushion CZ in Halo Setting Promise Ring €79
Rocks Ruby CZ Cluster Pendant
Rocks Ruby CZ Cluster Pendant €65
Rocks Gold Facet Edge Bangle
Rocks Gold Facet Edge Bangle €265
Rocks Rubover CZ Earrings
Rocks Rubover CZ Earrings €105
Rocks White Gold Claw Set Solitaire CZ Earrings
Rocks White Gold Claw Set Solitaire CZ Earrings €65
Rocks Bi Colour Inter Linked CZ Set Circle Pendant
Rocks Bi Colour Inter Linked CZ Set Circle Pendant €220
Rocks Japanese Akoya Pearl Earrings 8-8.5mm
Rocks Japanese Akoya Pearl Earrings 8-8.5mm €275
Rocks Tiered Tri Colour and CZ Earrings
Rocks Tiered Tri Colour and CZ Earrings €155
Rocks Gold Tri Colour and Pearl Earrings
Rocks Gold Tri Colour and Pearl Earrings €235
Rocks Gold Ball with CZ Stud Earrings
Rocks Gold Ball with CZ Stud Earrings €65
Rocks CZ U-Shaped Stud Earrings
Rocks CZ U-Shaped Stud Earrings €90
Rocks Gold Ball Earrings- 10mm
Rocks Gold Ball Earrings- 10mm €88
Rocks Gold Ball Stud Earrings- 9mm
Rocks Gold Ball Stud Earrings- 9mm €90
Rocks Medium Stardust Ring Earrings
Rocks Medium Stardust Ring Earrings €195
Rocks Seven Stone CZ Eternity Ring
Rocks Seven Stone CZ Eternity Ring €215
Rocks Oval Citrine CZ & CZ Cluster Earrings
Rocks Oval Citrine CZ & CZ Cluster Earrings €75
Rocks Amethyst CZ and CZ Cluster Earring
Rocks Amethyst CZ and CZ Cluster Earring €75
Rocks Hoop Earring-60mm
Rocks Hoop Earring-60mm €60
Rocks Silver Ball Earrings- 10mm
Rocks Silver Ball Earrings- 10mm €24
Rocks 4mm Ball Stud Earrings
Rocks 4mm Ball Stud Earrings €16
Rocks Amethyst & CZ Cluster
Rocks Amethyst & CZ Cluster €275
Rocks Rose Gold Double Row CZ Bracelet
Rocks Rose Gold Double Row CZ Bracelet €85
Rocks Small Rose Gold CZ Halo Pendant
Rocks Small Rose Gold CZ Halo Pendant €48
Rocks 6 Claw Solitaire CZ Earrings- 4.75mm
Rocks 6 Claw Solitaire CZ Earrings- 4.75mm €99
Rocks 6 Claw Solitaire CZ Earrings -7mm
Rocks 6 Claw Solitaire CZ Earrings -7mm €145
Rocks CZ Set Horseshoe Earrings
Rocks CZ Set Horseshoe Earrings €85
Rocks Twist Elliptical Earrings
Rocks Twist Elliptical Earrings €175
Rocks Amethyst CZ & CZ Cluster Earrings
Rocks Amethyst CZ & CZ Cluster Earrings €150
Rocks Round Rubover CZ Halo Earrings
Rocks Round Rubover CZ Halo Earrings €198
Rocks Micro Claw CZ Square Set Earrings
Rocks Micro Claw CZ Square Set Earrings €295
Rocks Pink Sapphire CZ & CZ Cluster
Rocks Pink Sapphire CZ & CZ Cluster €150
Rocks Birthstone Bangle
Rocks Birthstone Bangle €295
Rocks White Pearl Earrings- 5.5mm
Rocks White Pearl Earrings- 5.5mm €20
Rocks CZ Rubover Stud Earrings
Rocks CZ Rubover Stud Earrings €25
Rocks Rose Gold Locket with CZ Detail
Rocks Rose Gold Locket with CZ Detail €40
Rocks Gents Cushion Signet
Rocks Gents Cushion Signet €99
Rocks Gold Rubover CZ Stud- 5mm
Rocks Gold Rubover CZ Stud- 5mm €50
Rocks Gents Cushion Signet
Rocks Gents Cushion Signet €75
Rocks Ladies Heart Signet Ring
Rocks Ladies Heart Signet Ring €250
Rocks Gents Oval Signet
Rocks Gents Oval Signet €90
Rocks Claw Set CZ Bangle
Rocks Claw Set CZ Bangle €145
Rocks Rose Gold Bangle
Rocks Rose Gold Bangle €69
Rocks Rose Gold CZ Tennis Bracelet -19cm
Rocks Rose Gold CZ Tennis Bracelet -19cm €135
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet- 17cm
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet- 17cm €140
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet- 19cm
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet- 19cm €140
Rocks Rose Gold CZ Tennis Bracelet- 17cm
Rocks Rose Gold CZ Tennis Bracelet- 17cm €125
Rocks Rose Gold CZ Tennis Bracelet -19cm
Rocks Rose Gold CZ Tennis Bracelet -19cm €135
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet- 17cm
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet- 17cm €140
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet- 19cm
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet- 19cm €140
Rocks Rose Gold CZ Tennis Bracelet- 17cm
Rocks Rose Gold CZ Tennis Bracelet- 17cm €125
Rocks Multi Strand Silver and CZ Bracelet -18cm
Rocks Multi Strand Silver and CZ Bracelet -18cm €75
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet- 19cm
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet- 19cm €125
Rocks CZ Double Row Tennis Bracelet
Rocks CZ Double Row Tennis Bracelet €165
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet-17.5cm
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet-17.5cm €125
Rocks Rose Gold CZ Tennis Bracelet- 19cm
Rocks Rose Gold CZ Tennis Bracelet- 19cm €150
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet €115
Rocks CZ 6 Claw Stud Earrings
Rocks CZ 6 Claw Stud Earrings €55
Rocks Pink Sapphire CZ and CZ Cluster Earring
Rocks Pink Sapphire CZ and CZ Cluster Earring €75
Rocks Pink Sapphire CZ and White CZ Halo EarringS
Rocks Pink Sapphire CZ and White CZ Halo EarringS €75
Rocks Sapphire CZ & CZ Circle Earrings
Rocks Sapphire CZ & CZ Circle Earrings €125
Rocks White Gold Rubover & 3 Claw CZ Earrings
Rocks White Gold Rubover & 3 Claw CZ Earrings €175
Rocks Rose Gold Rubover & 3 Claw CZ Earrings
Rocks Rose Gold Rubover & 3 Claw CZ Earrings €175
Rocks Two Tone Rose Gold CZ Circle Pendant
Rocks Two Tone Rose Gold CZ Circle Pendant €249
Rocks Circle Necklace
Rocks Circle Necklace €175
Rocks Rose Gold CZ Stud Earrings
Rocks Rose Gold CZ Stud Earrings €48
Rocks Micro Claw Set CZ Hoop Earrings
Rocks Micro Claw Set CZ Hoop Earrings €165
Rocks Pave Set CZ Drop Earrings
Rocks Pave Set CZ Drop Earrings €79
Rocks CZ Flower Cluster Earrings
Rocks CZ Flower Cluster Earrings €79
Rocks Halo Stud Earrings
Rocks Halo Stud Earrings €68
Rocks CZ Chandelier Drop Earrings
Rocks CZ Chandelier Drop Earrings €95
Rocks Creole Hoop Earrings - 25mm
Rocks Creole Hoop Earrings - 25mm €125
Rocks Gold Ball Stud Earrings- 7mm
Rocks Gold Ball Stud Earrings- 7mm €60
Rocks Rose Gold Square Tube Earrings
Rocks Rose Gold Square Tube Earrings €105
Rocks Rose Gold Ball Earrings- 9mm
Rocks Rose Gold Ball Earrings- 9mm €85
Rocks Pearl in CZ Halo Setting Stud Earrings
Rocks Pearl in CZ Halo Setting Stud Earrings €285
Rocks CZ Open Circle Stud Earrings
Rocks CZ Open Circle Stud Earrings €95
Rocks Creole Hoop Earrings
Rocks Creole Hoop Earrings €55
Rocks Amethyst CZ Cluster Earrings
Rocks Amethyst CZ Cluster Earrings €75
Rocks Rose Gold CZ Flower Cluster Earrings
Rocks Rose Gold CZ Flower Cluster Earrings €50
Rocks Large CZ Cushion Cut Claw set with Halo Detail Earrings
Rocks Large CZ Cushion Cut Claw set with Halo Detail Earrings €140
Rocks 9k White gold CZ Stud Earrings
Rocks 9k White gold CZ Stud Earrings €110
Rocks 9k White Gold CZ Stud Earrings
Rocks 9k White Gold CZ Stud Earrings €125
Rocks CZ Solitaire Earrings- 7mm
Rocks CZ Solitaire Earrings- 7mm €50
Rocks Rose Gold Solitaire CZ Studs
Rocks Rose Gold Solitaire CZ Studs €50
Rocks CZ Flower Cluster Earrings
Rocks CZ Flower Cluster Earrings €45
Rocks Oval Sapphire CZ and CZ Halo Earrings
Rocks Oval Sapphire CZ and CZ Halo Earrings €85
Rocks Oval Sapphire CZ and CZ Cluster Earrings
Rocks Oval Sapphire CZ and CZ Cluster Earrings €95
Rocks Cushion Cut CZ Pendant with Halo
Rocks Cushion Cut CZ Pendant with Halo €145
Rocks Two Tone Rose Gold CZ Necklace- 60cm
Rocks Two Tone Rose Gold CZ Necklace- 60cm €89
Rocks Double Sided Gold Ball Earrings
Rocks Double Sided Gold Ball Earrings €189
Rocks 4 Claw CZ Solitaire Earrings
Rocks 4 Claw CZ Solitaire Earrings €65
Rocks Two Tone Nugget Station Necklace
Rocks Two Tone Nugget Station Necklace €85
Rocks Gold Diamond Panther Link Bracelet
Rocks Gold Diamond Panther Link Bracelet €650
Rocks Gold Ball Stud Earrings- 8mm
Rocks Gold Ball Stud Earrings- 8mm €75
Rocks Gold Ball Earrings- 10mm
Rocks Gold Ball Earrings- 10mm €95
Rocks Cushion Cut Canary Diamond CZ Pendant with Halo
Rocks Cushion Cut Canary Diamond CZ Pendant with Halo €145
Rocks Cushion Cut Blue Topaz CZ Pendant with Halo
Rocks Cushion Cut Blue Topaz CZ Pendant with Halo €145
Rocks Two Tone Rose Gold CZ Necklace- 80cm
Rocks Two Tone Rose Gold CZ Necklace- 80cm €99
Rocks CZ Necklace in Rubover Setting- 60cm
Rocks CZ Necklace in Rubover Setting- 60cm €85
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet- 17cm
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet- 17cm €140
Rocks Citrine CZ Cluster Pendant
Rocks Citrine CZ Cluster Pendant €75
Rocks CZ Flower Cluster Pendant
Rocks CZ Flower Cluster Pendant €95
Rocks CZ Flower Cluster Pendant
Rocks CZ Flower Cluster Pendant €95
Rocks Silver Disc- 25mm
Rocks Silver Disc- 25mm €75
Rocks Silver Disc- 12mm
Rocks Silver Disc- 12mm €50
Rocks CZ Cluster Ring- 56
Rocks CZ Cluster Ring- 56 €99
Rocks CZ Cluster Ring- 54
Rocks CZ Cluster Ring- 54 €99
Rocks CZ Cluster Ring- 52
Rocks CZ Cluster Ring- 52 €99
Rocks Rose Gold CZ with CZ Halo & CZ Shoulders
Rocks Rose Gold CZ with CZ Halo & CZ Shoulders €75
Rocks Oval Cut CZ with CZ Set Shoulders- 56
Rocks Oval Cut CZ with CZ Set Shoulders- 56 €125
Rocks CZ Solitaire Ring-52
Rocks CZ Solitaire Ring-52 €95
Rocks CZ Solitaire Ring- 56
Rocks CZ Solitaire Ring- 56 €95
Rocks CZ Solitaire Ring- 54
Rocks CZ Solitaire Ring- 54 €95
Rocks CZ Solitaire Ring- 56
Rocks CZ Solitaire Ring- 56 €95
Rocks CZ Solitaire Ring- 54
Rocks CZ Solitaire Ring- 54 €95
Rocks CZ Solitaire Ring- 56
Rocks CZ Solitaire Ring- 56 €85
Rocks CZ Solitaire Ring- 54
Rocks CZ Solitaire Ring- 54 €99
Rocks Sapphire CZ in Double Halo Setting
Rocks Sapphire CZ in Double Halo Setting €85
Rocks Rubover CZ in Halo Pendant|
Rocks Rubover CZ in Halo Pendant| €75
Rocks Small CZ Halo Pendant
Rocks Small CZ Halo Pendant €48
Rocks Rose Gold CZ Tennis Bracelet- 17cm
Rocks Rose Gold CZ Tennis Bracelet- 17cm €115
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet- 19cm
Rocks CZ Tennis Bracelet- 19cm €125
Rocks Sapphire CZ Cluster Pendant
Rocks Sapphire CZ Cluster Pendant €85
Rocks Sapphire CZ Cluster Pendant
Rocks Sapphire CZ Cluster Pendant €65
Rocks Rose Gold &  CZ Pave Drop Earrings
Rocks Rose Gold & CZ Pave Drop Earrings €115
Rocks CZ Set V Earrings
Rocks CZ Set V Earrings €49
Rocks Double Back Pearl & Rose Gold Earrings
Rocks Double Back Pearl & Rose Gold Earrings €69
Rocks Double Back Pearl & Gold Earrings
Rocks Double Back Pearl & Gold Earrings €69
Rocks Rose Gold Ring
Rocks Rose Gold Ring €129
Rocks Rose Gold Rolo Necklace
Rocks Rose Gold Rolo Necklace €239
Rocks White Gold Interlinked Circle Necklace
Rocks White Gold Interlinked Circle Necklace €139
Rocks Tri Colour Gold Flower Knot Earrings
Rocks Tri Colour Gold Flower Knot Earrings €265
Rocks Gold Knot Earrings-10mm
Rocks Gold Knot Earrings-10mm €75
Rocks Ladies Cushion Signet Ring
Rocks Ladies Cushion Signet Ring €295
Rocks Claw Set CZ Earrings
Rocks Claw Set CZ Earrings €45
Rocks White Gold CZ Solitaire Earrings
Rocks White Gold CZ Solitaire Earrings €60
Rocks Gold & CZ Tennis Bracelet
Rocks Gold & CZ Tennis Bracelet €480
Rocks Rose Gold Half Moon Necklace
Rocks Rose Gold Half Moon Necklace €275
Rocks Rose Gold Oval Pendant
Rocks Rose Gold Oval Pendant €330
Rocks Rose Gold Infinity Necklace
Rocks Rose Gold Infinity Necklace €265
Rocks Gold Triangle Pendant
Rocks Gold Triangle Pendant €245
Rocks Gold Half Moon
Rocks Gold Half Moon €275
Rocks Gold Oval Necklace
Rocks Gold Oval Necklace €330
Rocks Rose Gold Disc Pendant
Rocks Rose Gold Disc Pendant €145
Rocks CZ Solitaire Stud
Rocks CZ Solitaire Stud €100
Rocks Gents Signet Ring
Rocks Gents Signet Ring €495
Rocks Oval CZ in Halo Setting Promise Ring
Rocks Oval CZ in Halo Setting Promise Ring €89
Rocks CZ in Halo Setting Promise Ring- M
Rocks CZ in Halo Setting Promise Ring- M €80
Rocks CZ in Halo Setting Promise Ring
Rocks CZ in Halo Setting Promise Ring €80
Rocks CZ Circle
Rocks CZ Circle €79
Rocks Seed Pearls Long Drop Earrings
Rocks Seed Pearls Long Drop Earrings €95
Rocks Pave Set CZ Teardrop Earrings
Rocks Pave Set CZ Teardrop Earrings €125
Rocks CZ Pave Drop Earrings
Rocks CZ Pave Drop Earrings €99
Rocks Pear Cut Sapphire CZ Pendant
Rocks Pear Cut Sapphire CZ Pendant €125
Rocks Claw Set Solitaire CZ Ring-L
Rocks Claw Set Solitaire CZ Ring-L €320
Rocks Claw Set Solitaire CZ Ring-O
Rocks Claw Set Solitaire CZ Ring-O €320
Rocks Ruby Colour Cluster Ring with CZ
Rocks Ruby Colour Cluster Ring with CZ €295
Rocks Ruby Colour Cluster Ring with CZ
Rocks Ruby Colour Cluster Ring with CZ €270
Rocks Pearl, Sapphire CZ & White CZ Cluster Earrings
Rocks Pearl, Sapphire CZ & White CZ Cluster Earrings €95
Rocks Oval Emerald CZ and CZ Cluster Earrings
Rocks Oval Emerald CZ and CZ Cluster Earrings €69
Rocks Ruby CZ & CZ Circle Earrings
Rocks Ruby CZ & CZ Circle Earrings €125
Rocks X-Large Hoop Earrings
Rocks X-Large Hoop Earrings €65
Rocks Flower Pearl & CZ Earrings
Rocks Flower Pearl & CZ Earrings €99
Rocks Oval Cut Pink CZ Halo Earrings
Rocks Oval Cut Pink CZ Halo Earrings €69
Rocks CZ Pave Set Earrings
Rocks CZ Pave Set Earrings €75
Rocks Rose Gold and CZ Pave Set Earrings
Rocks Rose Gold and CZ Pave Set Earrings €75
Rocks Double Piece CZ Earrings
Rocks Double Piece CZ Earrings €35
Rocks CZ Solitaire Earrings-4mm
Rocks CZ Solitaire Earrings-4mm €40
Rocks Hoop Earrings-16mm
Rocks Hoop Earrings-16mm €18
Rocks Halo Cluster Earrings
Rocks Halo Cluster Earrings €40
Rocks Rose Gold Halo Cluster Earrings
Rocks Rose Gold Halo Cluster Earrings €48
Rocks Rose Gold Halo Stud Earrings
Rocks Rose Gold Halo Stud Earrings €75
Rocks Drop Halo Earrings
Rocks Drop Halo Earrings €85
Rocks Pear Halo Drop Earrings
Rocks Pear Halo Drop Earrings €85
Rocks Rose Gold Pear Halo Drop Earrings
Rocks Rose Gold Pear Halo Drop Earrings €89
Rocks Rose Gold, Pink Sapphire CZ Oval Cluster Earrings
Rocks Rose Gold, Pink Sapphire CZ Oval Cluster Earrings €75
Rocks Gold Diamond Cut Stud Earrings- 8mm
Rocks Gold Diamond Cut Stud Earrings- 8mm €145
Rocks Sleeper Earrings
Rocks Sleeper Earrings €85
Rocks Sleepers Earrings -13mm
Rocks Sleepers Earrings -13mm €30
Rocks Hoop Earrings
Rocks Hoop Earrings €88
Rocks Opal Earrings
Rocks Opal Earrings €375
Rocks Sapphire CZ Cluster Earrings
Rocks Sapphire CZ Cluster Earrings €75
Rocks White Gold CZ Criss Cross Earrings
Rocks White Gold CZ Criss Cross Earrings €110
Rocks White Gold Sapphire & CZ Cluster Earrings
Rocks White Gold Sapphire & CZ Cluster Earrings €135
Rocks Gold Rubover CZ Set Stud
Rocks Gold Rubover CZ Set Stud €120
Rocks Rose Gold Ball Stud-4mm
Rocks Rose Gold Ball Stud-4mm €45
Rocks Rose Gold Ball Stud-8mm
Rocks Rose Gold Ball Stud-8mm €75
Rocks Rose Gold Ball Stud- 6mm
Rocks Rose Gold Ball Stud- 6mm €55
Rocks Rose Gold Ball Stud-3mm
Rocks Rose Gold Ball Stud-3mm €35
Rocks Gold Ball Earrings- 7mm
Rocks Gold Ball Earrings- 7mm €120
Rocks Emerald & Diamond Pendant
Rocks Emerald & Diamond Pendant €295
Rocks Red Ladybird Earrings
Rocks Red Ladybird Earrings €48
Rocks Two Tone Gold Circle Bracelet
Rocks Two Tone Gold Circle Bracelet €480
Rocks Fine Gold Bangle- 2.3mm
Rocks Fine Gold Bangle- 2.3mm €495
Rocks Cushion CZ in Halo Setting Promise Ring
Rocks Cushion CZ in Halo Setting Promise Ring €79
Rocks Rose Gold Multi Station Circle Bracelet
Rocks Rose Gold Multi Station Circle Bracelet €75
Rocks Pearl Earrings 10-11mm
Rocks Pearl Earrings 10-11mm €320
Rocks Pearl Earrings 11-12mm
Rocks Pearl Earrings 11-12mm €350
Rocks Pearl Earrings 11-12mm
Rocks Pearl Earrings 11-12mm €350
Rocks Pearl Earrings 12-13mm
Rocks Pearl Earrings 12-13mm €450
Rocks Pearl Earrings 12-13mm
Rocks Pearl Earrings 12-13mm €450
Rocks Pearl Earrings 10-11mm
Rocks Pearl Earrings 10-11mm €320
Rocks Cultured Pearl Earrings 6-6.5mm
Rocks Cultured Pearl Earrings 6-6.5mm €135
Rocks Pear Cut CZ in Halo Setting with Pearl Drop
Rocks Pear Cut CZ in Halo Setting with Pearl Drop €68
Rocks Pearl Earrings with CZ Halo
Rocks Pearl Earrings with CZ Halo €49
Rocks Pearl Earrings 6-6.5mm
Rocks Pearl Earrings 6-6.5mm €18
Rocks Pearl Earrings 6.5-7mm
Rocks Pearl Earrings 6.5-7mm €99
Rocks Pearl Earrings 5-5.5mm
Rocks Pearl Earrings 5-5.5mm €65

Jewellery

Jewellery or jewelry is a form of personal adornment - such as brooches, rings, necklaces, earrings, and bracelets.

With some exception such as medical alert bracelets or military dog tags, jewellery normally differs from other items of personal adornment in that it has no other purpose than to look appealing, but humans have been producing and wearing it for a long time - with 100,000-year-old beads made from Nassarius shells thought to be the oldest known jewellery.

Jewellery may be made from a wide range of materials, but gemstones, precious metals, beads and shells have been widely used. Depending on the culture and times jewellery may be appreciated as a status symbol, for its material properties, its patterns, or for meaningful symbols. Jewellery has been made to adorn nearly every body part, from hairpins to toe rings.

The word jewellery itself is derived from the word jewel, which was anglicized from the Old French "jouel",[3] and beyond that, to the Latin word "jocale", meaning plaything.

Jewellery has been used for a number of reasons:

Most cultures have at some point had a practice of keeping large amounts of wealth stored in the form of jewellery. Numerous cultures move wedding dowries in the form of jewellery or create jewellery as a means to store or display coins. Alternatively, jewellery has been used as a currency or trade good; an example being the use of slave beads.[citation needed]

Many items of jewellery

, such as brooches and buckles, originated as purely functional items, but evolved into decorative items as their functional requirement diminished.[5]

Jewellery can also be symbolic of group membership, as in the case of the Christian crucifix or Jewish Star of David, or of status, as in the case of chains of office, or the Western practice of married people wearing a wedding ring.

Wearing of amulets and devotional medals to provide protection or ward off evil is common in some cultures; these may take the form of symbols (such as the ankh), stones, plants, animals, body parts (such as the Khamsa), or glyphs (such as stylised versions of the Throne Verse in Islamic art).[6]

In creating jewellery, gemstones, coins,

or other precious items are often used, and they are typically set into precious metals. Alloys of nearly every metal known have been encountered in jewellery. Bronze, for example, was common in Roman times. Modern fine jewellery usually includes gold, white gold, platinum, palladium, titanium, or silver. Most American and European gold jewellery is made of an alloy of gold, the purity of which is stated in karats, indicated by a number followed by the letter K. American gold jewellery must be of at least 10K purity (41.7% pure gold), (though in the UK the number is 9K (37.5% pure gold) and is typically found up to 18K (75% pure gold). Higher purity levels are less common with alloys at 22 K (91.6% pure gold), and 24 K (99.9% pure gold) being considered too soft for jewellery use in America and Europe. These high purity alloys, however, are widely used across Asia, the Middle East and Africa.[citation needed] Platinum alloys range from 900 (90% pure) to 950 (95.0% pure). The silver used in jewellery is usually sterling silver, or 92.5% fine silver. In costume jewellery, stainless steel findings are sometimes used.

Diamonds

Main article: Diamond

Diamonds were first mined in India.[8] Pliny may have mentioned them, although there is some debate as to the exact nature of the stone he referred to as Adamas;[9] In 2005, Australia, Botswana, Russia and Canada ranked among the primary sources of gemstone diamond production.[10][11]

The British crown jewels contain the Cullinan Diamond, part of the largest gem-quality rough diamond ever found (1905), at 3,106.75 carats(621.35 g).

Now popular in engagement rings, this usage dates back to the marriage of Maximilian I to Mary of Burgundy in 1477.[12]

Other gemstones

Main article: Gemstone

Many precious and semiprecious stones are used for jewellery. Among them are:

Amber

Amber, an ancient organic gemstone, is composed of tree resin that has hardened over time. The stone must be at least one million years old to be classified as amber, and some amber can be up to 120 million years old.

Amethyst

Amethyst has historically been the most prized gemstone in the quartz family. It is treasured for its purple hue, which can range in tone from light to dark.

 

Emerald

Emeralds are one of the three main precious gemstones (along with rubies and sapphires) and are known for their fine green to bluish green colour. They have been treasured throughout history, and some historians report that the Egyptians mined emerald as early as 3500 BC.

Jade

Jade is most commonly associated with the colour green but can come in a number of other colours, as well. Jade is closely linked to Asian culture, history, and tradition, and is sometimes referred to as the stone of heaven.

Jasper

Jasper is a gemstone of the chalcedony family that comes in a variety of colours. Often, jasper will feature unique and interesting patterns within the coloured stone. Picture jasper is a type of jasper known for the colours (often beiges and browns) and swirls in the stone's pattern.

Quartz

Quartz refers to a family of crystalline gemstones of various colours and sizes. Among the well-known types of quartz are rose quartz (which has a delicate pink colour), and smoky quartz (which comes in a variety of shades of translucent brown). A number of other gemstones, such asAmethyst and Citrine, are also part of the quartz family. Rutilated quartz is a popular type of quartz containing needle-like inclusions.

Ruby

Rubies are known for their intense red colour and are among the most highly valued precious gemstones. Rubies have been treasured for millennia. In Sanskrit, the word for ruby is ratnaraj, meaning king of precious stones.

Sapphire

The most popular form of sapphire is blue sapphire, which is known for its medium to deep blue colour and strong saturation. Fancy sapphires of various colours are also available. In the United States, blue sapphire tends to be the most popular and most affordable of the three major precious gemstones (emerald, ruby, and sapphire).

Turquoise

Turquoise is found in only a few places on earth, and the world's largest turquoise producing region is the southwest United States. Turquoise is prized for its attractive colour, most often an intense medium blue or a greenish blue, and its ancient heritage. Turquoise is used in a great variety of jewellery styles. It is perhaps most closely associated with southwest and Native American jewellery, but it is also used in many sleek, modern styles. Some turquoise contains a matrix of dark brown markings, which provides an interesting contrast to the gemstone's bright blue colour.

 

Some gemstones (like pearls, coral, and amber) are classified as organic, meaning that they are produced by living organisms. Others are inorganic, meaning that they are generally composed of and arise from minerals.[13]

Some gems, for example, amethyst, have become less valued as methods of extracting and importing them have progressed. Some man-made gems can serve in place of natural gems, such as cubic zirconia, which can be used in place of diamond.[14]

Metal finishes

For platinum, gold, and silver jewellery, there are many techniques to create finishes. The most common are high-polish, satin/matte, brushed, and hammered. High-polished jewellery is by far the most common and gives the metal a highly reflective, shiny look. Satin, or matte finish reduces the shine and reflection of the jewellery and is commonly used to accentuate gemstones such as diamonds. Brushed finishes give the jewellery a textured look and are created by brushing a material (similar to sandpaper) against the metal, leaving "brush strokes." Hammered finishes are typically created by using a soft, rounded hammer and hammering the jewellery to give it a wavy texture.

Impact on society

Jewellery has been used to denote status. In ancient Rome, for instance, only certain ranks could wear rings;[16] Later, sumptuary laws dictated who could wear what type of jewellery, again based on rank. Cultural dictates have also played a significant role. For example, the wearing of earrings by Western men was considered effeminate in the 19th century and early 20th century. More recently, the display of body jewellery, such as piercings, has become a mark of acceptance or seen as a badge of courage within some groups but is completely rejected in others. Likewise, hip hop culture has popularised the slang term bling-bling, which refers to ostentatious display of jewellery by men or women.